Citizenship-by-investment programmes open up the world of international education for South African families
Grenada is top of mind for those looking for a second passport. Excellent international access to prized regions such as the UK, Schengen and China as well as the opportunity to own a property as part of a 5-star hotel group gives wealthy investors a very good reason to consider citizenship of the Spice Island.
EU education: a big driver for citizenship-by-investment programmes
Author: Kenneth Rapoza
Want a second passport? LIO Global will get you there. They’re apparently helping rich Chinese leave the country.
According to LIO’s records, 91,000 high net worth individuals from China have settled overseas between over the last 14 years, according to a report by New World Wealth and LIO Global.
The report categorizes China’s rich as anyone with net assets of $1 million, not counting their primary residence. LIO Global said most of China’s rich are heading to the U.S., Hong Kong, Singapore and the U.K. These aren’t second home operations, by the way. These are rich people high-tailing it out of China. (One can only imagine that the government’s recent anti-corruption laws have scared a few people off, but I digress…).
The number of rich people leaving China was the most among all countries. India came in second with 61,000 people relocating to other parts of the world between 2000 and 2014. France was third with 42,000 outgoing millionaires, followed by 23,000 leaving Italy and 20,000 leaving Russia.
“The main reason people go for a second residence or citizenship is to ensure freedom of global mobility and access, as well as security and protection of their wealth for their families,” said Nadia Read, head of LIO Global.
The report did not provide any specific motivation for the relocation of the Chinese wealthy.
#LIOglobal #Forbes #globalmigration #Secondcitizenship
With enough money, anyone can.
Hanna Ziady / 27 May 2015
JOHANNESBURG – With enough money you can buy anything, even a foreign citizenship. And for the outrageously wealthy, the power to move and live wherever they like is worth paying for.
“For families with means, it’s really just about giving yourself and your kids options,” says Andrew J. Taylor, vice chairman of HP. Taylor says that 90% of HPs’ clients don’t want to move from their home country immediately, often due to significant business or family interests, but would either like the option to do so at a future date or want the travel benefits associated with having multiple passports.
According to HP latest Visa Restriction Index, South Africans can access 97 of 199 countries visa-free. The UK and Europe, however, are not included in this list of countries and South Africans, both for work and play, favour these destinations.
It’s perhaps no surprise then that the Caribbean Island of St. Kitts & Nevis, as well as Antigua & Barbuda are popular citizenship choices for the well travelled due to their favourable passports, which allow visa-free business or leisure travel for up to 90 days to Europe and the UK.
Malta, Antigua, Cyprus
Malta, a group of islands in the Mediterranean, is especially popular at the moment among clients at the top end of the wealth spectrum, according to Taylor.
“Malta has a minimum contribution to infrastructure and development of €650 000 per person, growing by €25 000 for every child under 18. On top of this contribution, you would need to invest €150 000 into a government bond and buy a property for €350 000, or lease property for five years at €16 000 a year,” Taylor explains.
“As soon as you become Maltese you become European and have the right to live, work and study in any one of the EU member countries,” he adds.
There is also no restriction on passing down citizenship to future generations. Generally, South Africans with more than R100 million in liquid assets choose Malta, says Taylor.
“In Antigua, you can either donate $200 000 to government, excluding due diligence and professional fees in the region of $100 000, or invest in real estate, where you would be looking at around R5 million to R6 million, which could be liquidated after five years of holding citizenship,” Taylor explains.
In Cyprus, meanwhile, which is also a member state of the EU, a real estate investment of at least €2.5 million is one of the requirements to obtain citizenship.
Each jurisdiction has its own legislation, which may result in additional costs depending on an investor’s specific situation, as well as longer or shorter time periods to secure citizenship. For instance, in Malta it takes roughly 12 months to process citizenship, while in Cyprus and Antigua this is four months.
HP charges clients a processing and administration fee, which differs from client to client depending on individual circumstances.
Residence vs citizenship
Taylor cautions against opting for a lower cost residence-by-investment option as a means of securing citizenship, unless you plan to relocate and acquire citizenship by another means. “Residence does not guarantee citizenship and this route can take time,” he says.
For instance in Portugal, a €500 000 investment in urban real estate can get you a Golden Residence Visa but before citizenship is granted the government wants to see you build ties to the country by, for example, learning Portuguese, says Taylor.
“It’s not just a matter of living there for six years,” he says, warning against misleading marketing.
“If you want to remain in South Africa, then you want to look at a pure citizenship programme,” he adds, noting that as a citizen your legal standing within the country is also of a higher level than a resident.
Taylor advises against choosing a programme where you get a passport without citizenship. “There are always people in political power selling passports that aren’t technically legal or where the constitution does not allow for it. You must first be legally naturalised as a citizen; a passport is just what you get by having citizenship,” he explains.
Promoting illicit money flows?
Organisations such as Global Financial Integrity (a Washington-based research organisation), Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International argue that large outflows of illicit money via a shadow financial system aggravates poverty in emerging economies.
“Illicit money leaves poorer countries through a global shadow financial system comprising tax havens, secrecy jurisdictions, disguised corporations, anonymous trust accounts, fake foundations, trade mispricing, and money-laundering techniques. Much of this money is permanently shifted into western economies,” according to a group of 21 organisations – including universities, non-profits and faith-based organisations – which have together signed the New Haven Declaration On Human Rights and Financial Integrity.
Alongside potentially unfavourable and unsavoury money flows, there are concerns that these programmes enable criminals and terrorists to secure second passports. In November, Canada implemented a visa requirement on St. Kitts & Nevis “due to concerns about the issuance of passports and identity management practices within its Citizenship by Investment program”, the Canadian government said at the time.
Taylor, however, argues that these programmes hold positive benefits for the countries that offer them and give these countries a means to attract wealthy and talented individuals. “As soon as an individual becomes a citizen in a country, they develop ties with that country and start investing money there,” he says.
For instance in Malta, which is currently attracting the wealthiest people in the world, some of the investors want to re-engineer the entire telecommunications infrastructure, he notes.
South African interest
The company’s Cape Town office receives “daily enquiries” from South Africans, according to Taylor.
Nadia Read, a private consultant at independent world residence and citizenship company, LIO Global confirms that there’s been a notable increase in recent months in queries from South African families looking for EU citizenship options, mainly to give their children the opportunity to work and study in Europe.
“Families are looking for the global freedom, mobility and access that a second passport can offer,” she says, noting that Malta is the most popular choice.
“It’s important that the client understands what their end goal is, whether residency or citizenship, in order to make the best choice,” Read adds.
Read notes that South Africans, when applying for a secondary citizenship, need to apply for retention of citizenship at Home Affairs.
By Chris Buchanan
THE subject of global citizenship a.k.a. dual citizenship or alternative residence is occupying more and more column space in financial media as South Africa spirals into economic uncertainty and socio-political tension. Chris Buchanan talks to Nadia Read of LIO Global about the real benefits of these schemes and one or two blind side possibilities that could cost you dear.
A recent article on Traveller24 listed the 97 counties South Africans can visit on their passport alone, no visa required. The comments made for interesting reading, generally slating the fact that of the 97, not many were worth the trouble for a holiday, never mind a second home or business possibility. If you want to do business globally in the economies that won’t bury you in red tape but will give you access to important markets, you will need expand your business out of Africa and into a country with credibility.
NADIA READ says the following about the importance of having options when entering global markets, “For business owners who travel extensively, a second citizenship can open many global doors. Freedom of mobility and travel allows flexibility and ease of movement, as visa restrictions become more stringent and restrictive to South African businessmen and women. Establishing companies as well as bank accounts is easier, less hoops to jump through.
Big names like Elon Musk and Mark Shuttleworth, despite having moved abroad have done wonders for brand South Africa. A second passport allows not only freedom of movement but also access into EU, US, UK, etc.”
Barriers to entry will differ extensively from country to country and bear in mind the first and most significant of those barriers – the Rand/Euro/Dollar/ Sterling exchange rate. Suddenly you’re dividing your capital by 11, 12 or 19 so whether it’s an investment in government bonds, a start-up business or a property investment, your wheelbarrow full of Rands is an envelope of Dollars. European markets are also more sophisticated and competitive – they do business differently, less start-up red tape but more strict on corporate governance and fiduciary duty.
You have the cash and you’re ready to make the move to the EU which will give you the option of Cyprus, Malta, Portugal, Greece and Hungary. The details of each programme are well documented on the LIO Global website www.lio-global.com, but most important if you want your money well spent is to know the difference between what an EU Residence vs Citizenship can offer you.
READ says the following points should be considered when looking at the options:
• EU Residence gives travel access to Schengen zone countries for 90 days only. You can only live, work, study in country of residence – not anywhere in EU. Only EU citizenship gives the right to live, work and study anywhere in the EU .
• EU residence can change and is less secure than EU citizenship. Once you are a part of the EU, you are protected by EU law. Citizenship is much more secure in the long term.
• Most countries allow you to pass your citizenship or residence on to future generations. Eg. Malta, your kids can pass on to their kids, therefore establishing legacy plan for your future generations
• EU residence means you can only travel to 26 countries in the Schengen zone. With citizenship, eg. Malta or Portugal you can travel to over 160 countries worldwide. Malta also allows visa free travel to US and many other countries making it one of top 10 passports you can have.
ANOTHER potential pitfall says Read is understanding the benefits and risks to holding dual citizenship as a South African.
• You will need to complete a retention of citizenship with home affairs, otherwise you can lose your SA passport and you must notify them before you get your new passport.
• Make sure you get naturalisation certification in your new country of citizenship in order to allow you to renew your passport.
• Be clear on where your new freedom allows you to travel and other benefits such as reduced EU education rates – this can mean a massive saving depending on how many kids.
• When you travel, always leave on your SA passport.
• There’s an ease of opening international bank accounts, for example you can open an account in France even though have Maltese citizenship.
• Get yourself full understanding of the tax implications of a second citizenship.
MAYBE it’s a time zone thing or maybe it’s the ‘jet-set’ tag but the Caribbean is often overlooked as a citizenship option but offers some of the most successful and popular citizenship by investment programmes. Read says there are some really good reasons to consider the land of the Calypso with convenience being top of the pile:
• St Kitts and Nevis has been running program successfully since 1984 and have over 30 000 individuals who have acquired citizenship (includes children, dependents etc.).
• Fast and straight forward application process (very strict due diligence) with very limited, if any travel requirement to visit.
• Short processing time: St Kitts 6-8 months to get passport, Antigua 4-5 months.
• St Kitts and Antigua passports open no-visa travel to over 130 countries including the UK, the Schengen zone. They are commonwealth countries and form part of Caricom (The Caribbean Community).
• Antigua is an up and coming celebrity destination pushing property prices up and stimulating the economy. It is a beautiful and rustic tropical island, good holiday location and popular yachting destination.
• In short, passport application is straightforward and fast.
BUT if it’s the EU you’re set on then Malta is your best bet says Read and you need to start enquiries fast. Malta offers one of Europe’s most exclusive investor programmes, offering full EU citizenship in just over 12 months, problem is It’s capped at 1800 investors and will cost you over one million Euro. There’s no free lunch in life or business and gaining global access for you and your family to hedge yourself against uncertainty and instability, comes at a price. Your best ally in any citizenship by investment programme is doing your homework and using credible consultants to walk you through the process. There were a few investors who got hurt recently in EU property schemes and making an investment mistake is costly enough in Rand, do the multiplication and your loss is elevenfold. www.lio-global.com
~ Chris Buchanan Prestige
India has seen the second-biggest outflow of high net worth individuals in last 14 years, with as many as 61,000 millionaires shifting base to abroad due to reasons like tax, security and child education, says a report.
A joint report by New World Wealth and LIO Global said the change in domicile, along with a rise in second citizenship applications, has increased dramatically since the turn of the century. Some 61,000 uber-rich Indians have changed domicile between 2000 to 2014 -- second only to China which saw an outflow of 91,000 ultra-rich persons in the same period, the report said.
"Indian HNWIs tend to move to the UAE, the UK, the US and Australia," the report said, adding that Chinese HNWIs mainly moved to the US, Hong Kong, Singapore and the UK. Overall, the UK has seen the biggest inflow of HNWIs from abroad and the figure stood at 1.25 lakh over the past 14 years. Other countries that saw significant HNWI outflows include France (42,000), Italy (23,000), Russia (20,000), Indonesia (12,000), South Africa (8,000) and Egypt (7,000).
The factors of the outflow, according to the report, include turmoil in home country, security concerns and optimising education of children.
"India has seen the second-biggest outflow of high net worth individuals in last 14 years, with as many as 61,000 millionaires shifting base to abroad due to reasons like tax, security and child education."
Most of the HNWIs who moved into the UK came from Europe, Russia, China and India. There were also substantial numbers that came from the Middle-East and Africa, the report added. In terms of inflows of HNWIs, the UK was followed by the US and Singapore. Inflows into the US predominantly came from China while the UK, India and Russia made up for a sizeable chunk. Most migration to Singapore came from China, India and Indonesia.
This survey was conducted comparing the domicile of a sample of around 60,000 global HNWIs in 2000 with the same in 2014. HNWIs refer to individuals with net assets of USD 1 million or more excluding their primary residences.
Tens of thousands of “high-net-worth individuals” have left to seek a better life overseas
By Rishi Iyengar @OfficeofRI
We may be in the midst of “the Asian century,” but a new report shows that many of the wealthiest citizens of the continent’s two fastest-growing economies — China and India — have chosen to leave their countries and settle down abroad.
A total of 91,000 Chinese millionaires left the country and settled overseas in the past 14 years, while the exodus of Indian millionaires ranked second at 61,000, according to a report by consultancies New World Wealth and LIO Global. France, Italy, Russia, Indonesia, South Africa and Egypt round out the top eight.
The study, released this month, looked at immigration data from 2000 and 2014 indicating applications for a second citizenship or change of domicile (permanent residence).
The U.K.—its capital city London, in particular—appears to be the most popular destination for the world’s rich to settle down in, followed by the U.S., Singapore, Australia and Hong Kong. The report says Indians tend to move to countries like Australia and the United Arab Emirates, while Singapore and Hong Kong are popular destinations for China’s wealthy.
Despite the large-scale departure of millionaires, both China and India still have plenty of wealthy citizens who chose to stay back — reflected by their respective positions at fifth and 10th on the list of countries with the most millionaires overall. They also remain the world’s most populous nations, sharing a third of the global population.
Those who leave generally cite reasons like “turmoil in home country, security concerns and optimizing education of children,” the report said.
From LIO Global
Citizenship by investment has become a growing trend, not only in South Africa, but globally, as investors and the families are looking for the benefits that a second passport can offer.
#citizenshipbyinvestment #globalcitizenship #Secondpassport #worldresidenceandcitizenship #LIOGlobal #maltacitizenship
In an ever changing world, we face fresh challenges daily and need new thinking to meet these. One such challenge is global travel access. Whether you are packing for work or leisure travel, visa requirements to the world’s 194 countries can add a time consuming and costly element to your experience.
Visa free access highlights one of the key benefits of owning a ‘powerful passport’. A powerful passport is one that gives the holder visa-free access to as many countries as possible. Citizens of Sweden, Finland, Germany, the United Kingdom or the United States enjoy visa-free access to 174 countries. South Africa, meanwhile, is ranked 42nd in the world in terms of passport value, with access to 97 countries. This is according to Go Euro, a European-based rail, air, bus and car search and booking engine.
South Africa’s little green book is in fact one of the most valuable in Africa; after the Seychelles (visa-free access to 129 countries) and Mauritius (125 countries). Although this is encouraging, according to the Henley & Partners Visa Restrictions Index, African countries have seen a decline in their position within this global ranking with a drop of 25 spots. South Africa dropped one spot between 2014 and 2015.
South Africa has visa-free access to primarily developing nations, including almost all of South America, Southern and East Africa, and parts of the Far East. But developed countries – and ironically most of the BRICS countries, except Brazil – still require visas from South Africans
Overly stringent visa requirements are now encouraging many South African travellers to explore the dual-citizenship route. In fact, many countries now offer citizenship based on investment. Nadia Read, Private Consultant at LIO Global says: “There are several countries now offering investors either residence or citizenship through investment and we have seen in particular, a strong demand for access to EU citizenship. South Africans have a strong affinity to Europe, and more notably EU citizenship programs offer the ability to live, work or study anywhere within the EU. Education for their children is a strong driver for many families”.
LIO Global, a boutique consultancy specialising in assisting private clients and investors with residence and citizenship applications, says:
“As the political and economic landscape shifts, investors and families are looking for the security, access and freedom of travel that a second passport offers.”
The firm lists the benefits of holding a second passport as:
- Freedom of travel
- Wealth protection
- Expanded global business opportunities
- Back-up option for residence
If the developing world is your focus, a South African passport makes the world your oyster and the need to explore dual-citizenship less pressing. However, if you are looking to travel the developed world, it might be an idea to broaden your investment horizons in order to open the door.
LIO Global also mentions, “Most of the families we work with are very proudly South African and are not looking to physically leave South Africa, but rather they are looking for the freedom and access that an EU citizenship offers. This is especially true for parents wanting the option for their children to study abroad as well as business travellers looking for ease of global travel access.”
#Citadel #LIOGlobal #SecondPassport #CitizenshipByInvestment #HowPowerfulIsYourPassport